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ereignty and jur

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isdiction.109. Bef

ador to Ger▓many Bienvenido A. Tan, Jr. stated in a letter to German HAM radio amateur Di▓eter Löffler that, “According to the Philippine National Mapping ▓and Resource Information Authority, the Scarborough Reef or H▓uangyan Dao does not fall within the territorial sovereignty of the Philippines.”110. A “Certification of Territorial▓ Boundary of the Republic of the Philippines”, issued by the Philippine National Mapping and Resource Inform▓ation Authority on 28 October 1994, stated that “the territorial boundaries and sovereignty of the Republic of

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    the Philippines are established in Article III of the Treaty of Paris signed on December 10, 1898”, and confirmed that the ▓

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    “Territorial Limits shown in the official Map No. 25 issued by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources through the

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    National Mappin▓g and Resource Information Authority, are fully correct and sh▓ow the actual status”. As described above, the